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人教版九年级英语上册1-10单位常考词组用法归结

2021-11-05 01:30:10学习方法访问手机版669
人教版九年级英语上册1-10单位常考词组用法归结
1.put on侧重于穿这一举措,即由没穿到穿这一过程的完成,意为穿上。如:Please put on your new coat.

请穿上你的新大衣。

2.wear强调穿戴这一状态,也可透露表现戴着。如:Hes wearing a white shirt.他穿戴一件白衬衫。

(比拟:He is putting on his blue hat.他正戴上他的蓝帽子。)

3.dress既可透露表现举措,又可透露表现状态,常由人作宾语,意为给穿衣服。如:

Could you dress the child for me? 你能不克不及替我给小孩穿上衣服?

①当透露表现本人穿衣服时,一样平常用get dressed(=dress oneself)。如:He cannot get dressed(=dress himself). 他不会本人穿衣服。

②当dress透露表现状态时,一样平常要用be dressed in的方式。如:She was dressed in a red coat. 她穿戴一件白色的上衣。

4.dress up强调着意装扮,意为穿上盛装;乔装装扮。如:She likes to dress up for a party. 她爱好装扮得漂标致亮的去参与晚会。

5.be in+透露表现颜色或衣服的词是系表布局,强调穿戴戴着的状态,背面多接颜色。 如:

The girl in red is my sister.穿戴白色衣服的女孩是我的mm。

6.die和death都是出生的意思,它们的差别在于词性差别:die是动词,death是名词,还有dead是形容词。比方:She died of hunger.她死于饥饿。在这里,die是动词,它在这个句子里作谓语。

Her death was a shock to him.她的死对他是个冲击。在这里,death是名词,它在这个句子里作主语。

The tiger fell dead.老虎倒地死去。这里的dead是形容词,它在这个句子里作表语。

注意:die为长久性动词,不克不及与持续性时间连用,表持续性用be dead。

7.convenient的用法:①1. convenient不管透露表现便当的不远的,还是透露表现便当的符合的,都可与介词 for, to 连用。如:Our school is convenient for [to] the station. 我们黉舍离车站很近便。

If it is convenient for [to] you, well come tomorrow. 假如你便当的话,我们就来日诰日来吧。

②. convenient的实际意思是使人感触便当的,而不是(本人)感到到便当的,所以它的主语凡是不克不及是人。如:Railway is convenient. 铁路便当。

比拟:误:Ill come if you are convenient.正:Ill come if it is convenient for [to] you. 你若便当,我就来。

③. 其后可接不定式,但句子应带有方式主语或方式宾语 it。如:I think it (is) convenient to leave at once. 我认为顿时分开较得当。Will it be convenient for you to start work tomorrow? 来日诰日就入手下手工作你感到便当吗?

有时也大概没有方式主语,而用人或物作主语,但此时句子的主语必需是其后不定式的逻辑宾语。如:Mary is convenient to see on Sunday. = Its convenient to see Mary on Sunday.

星期天见玛丽较为便当。

The furniture is convenient to move. = It is convenient to move the furniture. 这家具搬起来很便当。

8.动词suggest有如下一些用法: ⑴有倡议的意思.advise, propose 也有此义,请比拟它们用法的异同: ① 都可接名词作宾语 She suggested / advised / proposed an early start. 她倡议早一点动身.

We suggested / advised / proposed a visit to the museum the next day. 我们倡议来日诰日去观赏博物馆.

②都可接动名词作宾语 I suggested / advised / proposed putting off the sports meet. 我倡议将活动会延期. They suggested / advised / proposed waiting until the proper time. 他们倡议(我们)比及得当的机会才步履.

③都可接that 宾语从句, that从句用should+动词本相, should可以省略. She suggested / advised / proposed that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她倡议班会不要在星期六举行.

We suggested / advised / proposed that he (should) go and make an apology to his teacher. 我们倡议他去向教师抱歉.

④ advise 可接动词不定式复合宾语, propose 可接不定式作宾语. I advised him to give up the foolish idea. = I suggested / proposed his / him giving up the foolish idea. 我倡议他保持那笨拙的动机.

(suggest和propose在书面语里可接动名词的复合宾语).

We proposed to start early. = We proposed starting early. 我们倡议早一点动身.(接不定式不必suggest和advise)

⑵有提出的意思.如: He suggested a different plan to his boss. 他向老板提出了一个差别的筹划.

Xiao Wang suggested a way to solve the problem. 小王提出了一个办理这个成绩的方法.

⑶有表示、标明的意思.其主语常常是事物,而不是人. ①接名词或动名词作宾语.

The simple house suggested a modest income. 这座俭朴的房子标明(房东的)收入其实不高.

Her pale face suggested bad health. 她表情惨白,看来身体不好.

The thought of summer suggests swimming. 一想到夏天就使人们联想到游泳.

②接宾语从句,从句用陈说语气.如: The decision suggested that he might bring his family. 这个决定标明他可以把家眷带来. The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry. 他脸上的表情标明他很朝气.

⑶在主语从句It is suggested that... 及名词suggestion 背面透露表现具体倡议的表语从句、同位语从句都应用should+动词本相,should可以省略.如: It was suggested that we (should) give a performance at the party. 人们倡议我们在晚会上扮演节目.

His suggestion was that the debts (should) be paid off first. 他的倡议是先把债务还清.

The doctors made a suggestion that the new hospital (should) not be set up on the hill. 大夫们倡议不要把新病院建在山上.

9. dare作情态动词:凡是用于疑问句、否认句或条件句中;或与whether, hardly等连用。如:

Dare you ask him?你敢问他吗? She dare not go out alone. 她不敢独自出去。

I dont know whether he dare try. 我不知道他敢不敢试。

If you ever dare call me that name again, youll be sorry. 你胆敢再那样叫我, 你会懊悔的。

注意:①. 有时有过来式dared。如: No one dared speak of it. 没有人敢提及此事。

② How dare you/he/she/they?透露表现措辞人对或人的行动透露表现气愤。如: How dare you ask me such a question?

你怎敢问我这样的成绩?

③ I dare say透露表现我相信,我认为,大概。如:I dare say you are right. 我认为你是对的。

■dare作行动动词:可用于各类句子中;在疑问句或否认句中,to常常被省略。如:Did anyone dare (to) admit it?有人敢于供认吗? He did not dare (to) leave his car there. 他不敢把车停放在那里。

If he dares to show up at her house Ill be surprised. 假如他敢呈现在她的房子里,我会感触吃惊。

注意:透露表现搬弄,挑起,敢冒(险) 等意思时,只能用作行动动词。

I dare you to cheat me. 谅你也不敢棍骗我。 He dared me to jump over the river.他激我跳过河。

She dared the anger of her father. 她不怕惹她父亲发火。

10. do with 常与连接代词 what 连用,而 deal with 常与连接副词 how 连用,如:

① I dont know how they deal with the problem. (= I dont know what they do with the problem. )我不知道他们如何处置这个成绩。

② He is easy to deal with. (= He is easy to do with. 这时候do是不及物动词)他是简单相处的人。这两个词组在使用时有细微的差异。一样平常地说,do with 透露表现处理、忍受、相处、有关等。如:

③They found a way to do with the elephant. 他们找到凑合那头大象的方法了。

④We cant do with such carelessness. 我们不克不及容忍这种粗心大意的风格。

⑤We are difficult to do with the new comer. 我们很难与新来的阿谁人相处。

⑥I have nothing to do with him. 我跟他无任何干系。

11. deal with 意义很广,常透露表现凑合、对付、处置、布置、阐述、触及等。如:

They could properly deal with all kinds of situations. 他能得当地对付各类场合排场。

Deal with a man as he deals with you. 以其人之道,还治其人之身。

This is a book dealing with Asian problems. 这是一本阐述亚洲成绩的书。

They have learned to deal with various persons. 他们学会了和各类人打交道

12. make it 是英语书面语中非常有用的一个习语,用法比拟多,本文为大师归结如下。

①透露表现事业得到成功

You will make it if you try. 你会成功的,假如你积极的话。

Hes never really made it as an actor. 他当演员从未有所成绩。

②透露表现或人做成某事

You neednt worry; he will make it. 你不用 担忧,他会办成的。

If you want to make it, better get doing. 假如你想把这事干成,就该入手了。

I cant make it on Friday. 星期五我办不好。

Many high-wire walkers died on their last step, thinking they had made it.

很多走绳索 者死在最后一步上,这时候他们认为曾经演成功了。

I thought he would be too old to get to the top of the mountain, but he made it at last.

我原觉得他年纪大爬不到山顶,但最后他还是爬上去了。

③透露表现设法做到某事

Ive been having violin lessons every two weeks, but I think Ill make it every week from now on.

我不断是每两个星期上一次小提琴课,但是我想从目下当今起每一个星期都上课。

④透露表现及时赶上火车等

The train leaves in five minuteswell never make it. 火车再有五分钟就开了 我们绝对赶不上了。

The train wont leave for another ten minutes, so I think we can make it. 离 开 车 还有 10 分钟,我想我们能赶得上。

⑤透露表现及时到达某地

We are too late; I dont think we can make it. 我们太迟了,我想我们难以定时赶到了。

He says hell come on time, but hell never make it. 他说他来日诰日定时来, 但他绝对做不 到。

Im really sorry, but I wont be able to make it on Sunday after all. 真的很抱愧, 我星期天底子赶不到。

If you cant make it Friday, we can invite somebody else. 假如你星期五赶不到,我们 可邀请其别人。

make it是美国俚语, 是一个用途极广的多义性习语,在书刊中昂首便是,在一样平常扳谈中随时可听失掉, 但要真正懂得并把握其在差别场所下的不 同寄义并不是一件简单的事。笔者在这里想谈谈该习语的罕见用法。

①用来透露表现规则时间,常与 can, let 等词连用。比方:

A:Shall we meet next week?下星期我们会晤,好吗?

B:Yes. Lets make it next Sunday.好 的,让我们约定下日曜日吧。

A: Can you make it tomorrow?来日诰日行吗?

②用来透露表现到达预定方针;办成, 做到;成功;发迹。比方:

Tell him I want to see him tonight, at my house if he can make it.报告他今晚我 要见他,行的话就在我家。

He wants to make it as a writer.他想作为作家而一鸣惊人。

③用来透露表现及时到达;赶上。比方:

He wont be able to make it home at Christmas.圣诞节时他到不了家。

Well make it with a minute or two to spare.我们能及时赶到,并且还可以早一两 分钟。

④用来透露表现(疾病)等失掉恶化; 获救。 比方:

The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it.大夫知道阿谁病人没什么但愿了。

Lucy almost died, but they gave her blood transfusions and she made it.露茜几近接近出生,但输血当前她又化险为夷了。

⑤用来透露表现相处得很好,受欢送(或 恭敬),被承受(与 with 连用)。比方:

She finally made it with the crowd in Hollywood.她终于受到好莱坞人的欢送。

Talking that way, hell never make it with the committee.他那样措辞在委员会决 不会被承受。

⑥用来透露表现预定小吃。比方:

Make it a cake and a bottle of orange. 来一块蛋糕和一瓶橘汁。

Make it three bottles of the best champagne youve got and send them up to my room .送三瓶最好的香槟酒到我的房间去。

13. make it to a place 抵达某地

Eric set sail once again, this time with 25 ships, of which only 14 made it to Greenland.

①透露表现约按时间

When shall we meet again? Make it any day you like; its all the same to me. 我 们何时再次见面?随你定在哪天,我 无所谓。

Lets make it at seven oclock on Tuesday morning at my office. 我们把时间定在星期 二早上七点,地址就在我办公室。

Shall we make it next week? OK, lets make it next week. 下个星 期 可 以 吗?好的,咱们就定鄙人个星期吧。

Lets make it at 8:30. Is that all right for you? 我们约定在 8 点半吧,这对你符合吗?

②透露表现病情恶化

The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it. 大夫知道阿谁病人没什么希 望了。

He had a high fever, but it doesnt mean he couldnt make it. 他发高烧, 但这其实不意味着他挺不外去。

注意,以下 make it布局中的 it 为方式宾语:

I have to make it clear that my family is poor. 我得说分明我家里很穷。

He made it a rule to take part in physi

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