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形容词比拟级和第一流的所有常识点

2021-11-05 01:30:18学习方法访问手机版274
形容词比拟级和第一流的所有常识点
初二第三四单位的语法形容词副词的比拟级和第一流,这个语法点也是中考的紧张考点之一,本日教师跟大师分享的就是变革的划定规矩和用法,
变革划定规矩

大少数形容词和副词有比拟级和第一流的变革,即原级、比拟级和第一流,用来透露表现事物的等级差异。原级即形容词的本相,比拟级和第一流有划定规矩变革和不划定规矩变革两种。

(1)单音节词加词尾-er,-est来构成比拟级和第一流。

tall(高的) taller tallest

great(宏大的) greater greatest 

(2)以不发音的e结尾的单音节词只加-r,-st 

nice(好的) nicer nicest 

large(大的) larger largest 

able(有本领的) abler ablest

(3)以一个辅音字母结尾的闭音节单音节词,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-er,-est 

big(大的) bigger biggest 

hot热的) hotter hottest 

red白色的 redder reddest

(4)以辅音字母+y结尾的双音节词,改y为i,再加-er,-est

easy(简单的) easier easiest

busy(忙的) busier busiest

(5)以ly结尾的副词,除early-earlier-earliest,其他都是加more most.

Slowly-more slowly-most slowly

Bravely-more bravely-most bravely

quickly-more quickly-most quickly

(6)多数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词未尾加-er,-est

clever(聪慧的) cleverer cleverest

narrow(窄的) narrower narrowest

(7)其他双音节词和多音节词在后面加more,most来构成比拟级和第一流。如:

important(紧张的) more important most important

easily(简单地) more easily most easily

(8)一些词的比拟级和第一流,可以加-er或 -est,也能够加more或most,如:clever, polite等。

(9) 不划定规矩变革 

有一些词的比拟级、第一流变革是不划定规矩的,必要非凡记忆。如:

good / wellbetterbest

bad / ill/badlyworseworst

many / muchmoremost

littlelessleast

farfartherfarthest(透露表现间隔) / farfurtherfurthest (透露表现水平)

oldolder / elderoldest (透露表现新旧或春秋) / eldest (透露表现兄弟姐妹之间的长幼干系)

副词的比拟级和第一流的构陈规则和形容词比拟级和第一流的构陈规则一样,所差别的是:形容词第一流后面必需用the,而副词的第一流后面的the可带可不带。

一些词自身没有比拟级和第一流方式,如:right, wrong, full, empty, round, complete, wooden, dead, daily等。

long-longer-longest

young-younger-youngest

old-older/elder-oldest/eldest

short-shorter-shortest

high-higher-highest

deep-deeper-deepest

small-smaller-smallest

big-bigger-biggest

tall-taller-tallest

loud-louder-loudest

low-lower-lowest

thin-thinner-thinnest

fat-fatter-fattest

great-greater-greatest

nice-nicer-nicest

happy-happier-happiest

heavy-heavier-heaviest

cheap-cheaper-cheapest

near-nearer-nearest

clean-cleaner-cleanest

few-fewer-fewest

late-later-latest

angry-angrier-angriest

busy-busier-busiest

lazy-lazier-laziest

hot-hotter-hottest

glad-gladder-gladdest

clear-clearer-clearest

strong-stronger-strongest

lucky-luckier-luckiest

interesting-moreinteresting-most interesting

difficult-more difficult-most difficult

expensive-more expensive-most expensive

形容词比拟级的用法

1. 二者比拟时用形容词比拟级,其布局为... 比拟级 + than ...。如:Actions speak louder than words.

2. 在二者之间选择哪个更时,用句型Which / Who is +比拟级, ... or ...?。如:Which sweater is cheaper, the red one or the yellow one?

3. 透露表现二者之间最的一个时,用the + 比拟级。如:Lucy is the taller of the twins.

4. 透露表现越,越时,用the + 比拟级,the + 比拟级。如:The more you eat, the fatter you will become.

5. 透露表现愈来愈时,用比拟级 + and + 比拟级,多音节词和局部双音节词用more and more + 形容词原级。如:We should make our country more and more beautiful.

6. 形容词比拟级前可以用下列词修饰:much, a little, far, a bit, a few, a lot, even, still, rather等。如:Its much colder today than yesterday.

形容词第一流的用法

1. 三者或三者以上的人或物进行比拟时,用形容词第一流方式。形容词第一流前凡是需加定冠词the,句末常接in / of短语来透露表现范畴。如:He is the strongest of all the boys.

2. 透露表现最之一时,用one of + the + 第一流。如:The light bulb is one of the most helpful inventions.

3. 形容词第一流前可以由物主代词、指示代词、名词所有格等修饰,此时不必定冠词the。如:Yesterday is her happiest day in her life

修饰语

1. 比拟级的修饰语

Much(很多),far(很多),even(甚至,更),still(更),a bit(有点),a little(有点),a lot(很), a great deal(大大地), twice(两倍), five times(五倍), two-fifths(五分之二), a half(一半)等修饰比拟级透露表现水平,但决不成用very修饰。

eg. Tom is a little taller than Mike. Tom比Mike稍高一点;

It is even colder today than yesterday. 本日甚至比今天更冷

2.第一流的修饰语

By far/ far and away 最,很 much 很多 almost 几近 nearly 几近

别的,second, third, next 等也要放在定冠词之后。如:

The Yellow River is the second longest in China.

黄河是中国的第二大河。

This is the third largest building in this city.

这是这个都会里第三大的建筑物。

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

黄河是中国第二长河。

This is (by) far the best book that Ive ever read.

这是我读过的最好的书。

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