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howtodoit和whattodo的差别(whattodowithit和howtodowithit)

2022-11-15 18:09:09英语访问手机版78

  how to do it和what to do的差别是意思差别、用法差别。英语中透露表现做什么用what to do,英语中透露表现怎么样做这件事,如何做这件事用how to do it。

what to do和how to do it 差别在哪

  1.英语中透露表现“做什么”用what to do,此中what就是do的宾语,所以do背面不克不及再加it作宾语了。

  2.英语中透露表现“怎么样做这件事,如何做这件事”用how to do it,此中how是副词作状语,it指代后面提过的某件事,do是及物动词,没有it作宾语表达就不完整。

  如: I know little about shopping online. Can you show me how to do it.我对网购不怎么懂得,你能教我如何网购吗?

  注:在“疑问代词+to+不及物动词+介词”的布局中不克不及缺失介词。如:

  When I feel stressed, I don't know who to talk.过错

  When I feel stressed, I don't know who to talk to.正确。talk to意思是“跟......扳谈”其宾语是who这个疑问代词,没有to就变成talk这个不及物动词背面间接跟who作宾语了,这显然是不正确的。

  扩展材料

  例题解析

  It's too late for school. I really don't know __________.

  A. what should I do B. how to do

  C. what to do D. what to do it

  【解析】正确答案选C。分离选项可知句意:上学太迟了,我真不知道该怎么办。四个选项中A不是陈说语序,不克不及作宾语,故解除;B选项中how是副词作状语,do是及物动词,背面必需跟宾语才完整,how to do是个不完整的表达,故解除;C选项中what是疑问代词,作do的宾语,因此what to do这个动词不定式短语透露表现“该怎么做”,是完整的;而D中代词it是过剩的。故只有选C。

  【点拨】解答这类试题时,要对疑问副词和疑问代词有所懂得。英语中what,who,whom,which,whose是疑问代词,别的,whatever等也可作疑问代词,这些代词在句中可作主语或宾语;when,where,how,why是疑问副词,只能作状语,不克不及作主语或宾语。

what to do的意思及用法

  what to do意为做什么、怎么办,问的是举措的工具,而what是代词在句中中做宾语,所以what to do中不必要再加宾语。例句有:

  1、I don't quite know what to do next.

  我不太分明下一步该怎么办。

  2、He was considering what to do next.

  他在考虑下一步怎么办。

  3、I just don't know what to do for the best.

  我就是弄不清做什么才好。

  4、She never had the least idea what to do about it.

  这事怎么办,她一点主意都没有。

  5、I don't know what to do with all the food that's left over.

  我不知道怎么样处置所有这些剩饭剩菜。

  6、She explained to them what to do in an emergency.

  她向他们阐明了告急环境下应采纳的步履。

TAG标签: how to do it和what to do的区别