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假造语气的用法归结具编制子介绍

2022-11-14 18:10:17英语访问手机版465

  假造语气透露表现措辞人所说的话不是事实,而是一种假定、愿望、猜忌或猜测。假造语气次要用于if条件状语从句,也可用于主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句等。以下是小编收拾整顿的内容,大师可以参考。

假造语气的用法归结

  1、透露表现与目下当今事实相反的环境

  从句:If+主语+动词一样平常过来时Be动词用were

  主句:主语+ should/would/might/could+do:

  eg:If I were you,I would take an umbrella.

  假如我是你,我会带把伞。事实:我不成能是你

  2、透露表现与过来事实相反的环境

  从句:If+主语+had+done

  主句:主语+should/would/might/could+have done

  eg:If I had got there earlier,I should/would have met her.

  假如我早到那儿,我就访问到她。事实:去晚了

  3、透露表现与将来事实相反

  从句:①if+主语+were to do

  ②if+主语+should+do

  ③if+主语+动词一样平常过来式be动词用were

  主句:主语+should/would/might/could+do

  eg:If she were to be here next Monday,I would tell her about the matter.

  假如她下周一来这儿的话,我就会报告她这件事的始末。事实:来的大概性很小,不成能

假造语气的应用实例

  1.与目下当今事实相反的假造语气,if从句中的谓语用过来式be用were,主句用would/could/mightshould+动词本相。

  If I had enough money, I would buy myself a computer.

  我假如有充足的钱,会为本人买一台电脑。

  If I were you, I would forgive Mary.

  假如我是你,我就会包涵玛丽。

  2.与将来事实相反的假造语气,从句谓语过来式be用were/should+动词本相/were to+动词本相,主句谓语would/could/might/should do.

  If I saw/should see/were to see him tomorrow, I would invite him home.

  我假如来日诰日见到他,会邀请他抵家里来。

  ·If I were to do the job, I would do it in a different way.

  要是我来做这项工作,我会用另外一种办法。

  3.与过来事实相反的假造语气,主句谓语should/would/could/might+have+过来分词,If 条件从句的谓语方式had+过来分词词。

  If we had had enough rain last year,we could have gained a good harvest.

  假如去年雨水充分的话,我们大概会有一个好收成。

  If the weather had been nice yesterday,we would have gone for a picnic.假如今天天气好的话,我们就去野餐了。

  4. wish后的宾语从句用假造语气,从句的谓语方式假造环境

  与目下当今事实相反用:过来式be用were

  与过来事实相反had+过来分词

  与将来事实相反would/ could/might+动词本相

  I wish that I were a bird and could fly freely in the sky.

  我但愿我是一只鸟,可以在天空中自由地翱翔。